The city in the course of history has been described in many ways, it’s always tried to “tamper” and program it, but in fact it could compared to a large organism that evolves, mutes, splits, joins always to something unexpected, of unpredictable, but too many are the individuals and factors involved in it inside to allow us to fully control it.
If we return to consider the practice of walking as a primary the cognitive tool of the city, we can actually come across hidden, marginal ones that feed on residues, reality they had been forget or perhaps simply ignore: slums.
These small outbreaks stand out on the European urban landscape with an almost viral connotation, forming a constellation of parallel “small cities” that grow and emerge on unexpected land as mine exploded. Slums representing the provisionality of the city claim their right to appear.
Although, this phenomenon manifests itself spontaneously and without control, actually it has own organization, exploiting the materials the easiest to find and the chances of the people which do it populates. The subject of this work is Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, famous for its social and housing policies and urban planning programs.
This work was organized in three parts. In a first phase, the slum phenomenon has been introduced in the debate on the contemporary city, realizing in parallel a small atlas of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area with maps chosen in relation to the thesis topic and useful to understanding the phenomenon. In a second phase we progressively approached the reality of slums, going to investigate the history of the social residences and in parallel the process of formation of the various Bairros and their constitution at the ethnographic level. Then, we decided to deep the analysis, through a graphics return and an iconographic exploration of two Bairros, Bairro da Torre and Bairro Terras da Costa, which have undergone different times: interventions that have led today to different solutions and realities. Finally, after trying to investigate the phenomenon, we arrived to elaborate an experimental project hypothesis.
Giulia PAgani, Tesi di Laurea Magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, Politecnico di Torino, A.A. 2016/2017. Relatore: Cristina Bianchetti; Correlatore: Francesca Governa