Exclusion in Turin. Dwelling as social inclusion condition
“Poverty, feminine noun, singular. Errata corrige. Poverty, feminine noun, plural.” The 2015 Caritas Report about poverty in Italy starts like this. In recent years a dramatic increase of Italian and foreign workers has been measured, who have used up any type of social safety net, including the family network. That is totally new for Italy. The State, forced by the European spending review, cuts the social services and delegates to the family, which, at the mercy of the crisis and unsupported, is no longer able to support the weakest links within it.
Who thought that modern economic growth and the spread of knowledge could change the deep structures of the capital and inequality must think again. Today we are witnessing the growth of social inequality, the deepening of the gap between rich and poor, and the city becomes the place where these inequalities emerge and are represented. It is the “new urban question” identified by Secchi, who also denounces the responsibility of urbanism in the growing worse of inequalities themselves. My thesis focuses on the case of Turin, where there is an increase of people in need. The poor, the excluded people increase. A situation arising from the condition of structural weakness that has progressively invested Turin and its area, from the crisis of that society clearly centered on the industry to the economic crisis that since 2008 has affected tourism and high tech industry, on which Turin had relied. They talk of “new poor people”, plagued by feelings of failure and shame towards their children and denial of the future, exasperated because the situation in five years has not improved, despite the positive picture of recovery painted by the media. The poor, the excluded people return more than ever to be seen in the city. What are, then, the places of poverty and inequality? What are the places of exclusion?
Francesca La Carruba, Tesi di Laurea Magistrale in Architettura Costruzione Città, Politecnico di Torino, A.A. 2015/2016. Relatore: Cristina Bianchetti